Israel geography is a fascinating subject. Although Israel is small in land, the geography of Israel is characterized by a diversity of topography and climates. The geographic areas are small but can be well defined. Since crossing Israel by car takes only a few hours, think about the opportunity to view so many geographical areas at the same day.
Geography, as defined in the Science Dictionary is “The scientific study of the Earth's surface and its various climates, countries, peoples, and natural resources”. In this article I will describe the geography of Israel based on the topography of Israel, Israel climate, tourism and population. Israel’s geography is a key subject for understanding many of the biblical stories and current situations in Israel.
Geography of Israel - regions:
The Galilee is the main green area of Israel. It is relatively less populated. Many of the biblical stories took place in this area and the evidences can be seen everywhere. The comfortable climate makes it a popular tourism destination.
* Golan Heights and Mt. Hermon
The Golan Heights region is a plateau caused by volcano activities. The dormant volcano mountains form two lines, which today mark the border between Israel and Syria. The main source of Israel‘s water is located in this region. Mt. Hermon is the highest elevation point in Israel. This is the only area in Israel where snow piles up. This region is a very popular tourism destination thanks to the water recreation activities around the ever-flowing streams, and the ski attraction on Mt. Hermon during winter.
* Coastal Plain
Tel-Aviv as the main business city of Israel attracts people to live in the region. About 50% of Israel‘s population lives in the Tel-Aviv metropolis. It is a plain area parallel to the Mediterranean Sea with low hills. It is a very lively and busy area.
* The Highlands
The highlands consist of a few ridges. The city of Jerusalem is located in the Judea Mountains. This region naturally divides the lowlands (to the west) from the Judean Desert and the Jordan Valley (to the east). The people of Israel during the biblical periods continually settled in this region. The weather is comfortable and the spiritual importance of Jerusalem attracted people to live and visit this area. This is the second populated area of Israel.
* The lowlands
The lowlands of Israel separate the Highland from the coastal plain. The region is characterized by low hills and many caves. This region is not very populated. During ancient periods, many caves have been carved for different usages.
* Judean Desert
This local desert borders with the Highland in the west and the Dead Sea in the east. It is not a populated area and during the last few decades desert agriculture has been developed. The hot mineral springs, the Dead Sea, the archeological sites of Masada and Qumran, and the comfortable winter climate attract visitors to this area.
The Negev is the biggest region in Israel. It is a desert and most of is not populated. A few areas of the desert have been developed thanks to big amounts of warm fossil water. Taking advantage of the water and the desert climate, Israel grows and export summer produce during the winter and exports it to Europe. The southernmost city of Israel is Eilat, which is located on the shore of the Red Sea. It is a recreation city with international tourism all year round.
Knowing Israel's geography can help you understand the reasons for conflicts Israel might have with neighboring countries. The geography of Israel impacted many biblical, historic and current events. Israel‘s water problems could be understood by learning the foundation of the geography of Israel.